1. Getting Kubernetes (minikube)

For this tutorial we are using minikube (opens in a new tab).

Minikube will allow you to setup local kubernetes cluster on Windows, macOS or Linux machine very easily. You can follow this guide (opens in a new tab)on how to setup minikube in your local machine.

Once you have installed minikube, start your cluster.

$minikube start
😄  minikube v1.10.1 on Debian Parrot
  Using the virtualbox driver based on existing profile
👍  Starting control plane node minikube in cluster minikube
🔄  Restarting existing virtualbox VM for "minikube" ...
🐳  Preparing Kubernetes v1.18.2 on Docker 19.03.8 ...
🌟  Enabled addons: dashboard, default-storageclass, storage-provisioner
🏄  Done! kubectl is now configured to use "minikube"

2. Getting Kubernetes CLI

To interact with your new kubernetes cluster you will need kubectl. Download the latest binary of kubectl for Linux with the commands below.

#Downloading the kubectl binary
$curl -LO https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/`curl -s https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/stable.txt`/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl
#Making the binary executeable
$chmod +x ./kubectl
#Moving kubectl binary to $PATH
$sudo mv ./kubectl /usr/bin/kubectl

You can find further instructions for Windows & macOS here (opens in a new tab).

Once you finished setting up kubectl,check it's version. Try using it to check your new local cluster status.

$kubectl version --client
Client Version: version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"18", GitVersion:"v1.18.3", GitCommit:"2e7996e3e2712684bc73f0dec0200d64eec7fe40", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2020-05-20T12:52:00Z", GoVersion:"go1.13.9", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"linux/amd64"}
$kubectl get nodes
minikube   Ready    master   3d3h   v1.18.2
$kubectl get po -A
NAMESPACE              NAME                                         READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system            coredns-66bff467f8-k96mv                     1/1     Running   6          3d3h
kube-system            coredns-66bff467f8-txkn2                     1/1     Running   6          3d3h
kube-system            etcd-minikube                                1/1     Running   4          3d3h
kube-system            kube-apiserver-minikube                      1/1     Running   4          3d3h
kube-system            kube-controller-manager-minikube             1/1     Running   4          3d3h
kube-system            kube-proxy-rzzlq                             1/1     Running   4          3d3h
kube-system            kube-scheduler-minikube                      1/1     Running   4          3d3h
kube-system            storage-provisioner                          1/1     Running   6          3d3h
kubernetes-dashboard   dashboard-metrics-scraper-84bfdf55ff-sjs97   1/1     Running   4          2d6h
kubernetes-dashboard   kubernetes-dashboard-696dbcc666-lvzjl        1/1     Running   6          2d6h

3. Create & Run your Service (nginx)

Let's deploy simple a nginx web-server on our local kubernetes cluster.

#Running a nginx image on our cluster
$kubectl create deployment nginx-server --image=nginx
deployment.apps/nginx-server created
#See the status of running pod
$kubectl get pods
NAME                            READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-server-69886f95bc-l5zf2   1/1     Running   0          103s

4. Expose Nginx Pod with NodePort

In order to access the service in our newly created nginx pod, we need to expose port 80 using NodePort service like following.

$kubectl expose deployment nginx-server --type=NodePort --port=80
service/nginx-server exposed

Find the the NodePort assigned to our nginx pod.

$kubectl get svc
NAME           TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)        AGE
kubernetes     ClusterIP       <none>        443/TCP        3d4h
nginx-server   NodePort   <none>        80:32428/TCP   9m38s

Alternatively, you can get it with**kubectl get --namespace default -o jsonpath="{.spec.ports[0].nodePort}" services nginx-server**

Verify if you can access nginx default welcome page on (opens in a new tab).

5. Expose Port assigned by NodePort

Since we can access our nginx service on port 32428, let's go ahead and tunnel it with LocalXpose (opens in a new tab).

$loclx tunnel http --to --subdomain mypod --region ap
 Creating HTTP tunnel...
Tunneling http://mypod.ap.loclx.io -->
Tunneling https://mypod.ap.loclx.io -->

You should be able to access nginx from the domain provided by LocalXpose (opens in a new tab).

6. Kubernetes Dashboard

Similarly, if you want to expose your kubernetes dashboard,

$kubectl proxy --address='' --disable-filter=true
W0529 01:25:13.905234   23151 proxy.go:167] Request filter disabled, your proxy is vulnerable to XSRF attacks, please be cautious
Starting to serve on [::]:8001

now, expose port 8001 with LocalXpose.

$loclx tunnel http --to --subdomain dashboard --region ap
 Creating HTTP tunnel...
Tunneling http://dashboard.ap.loclx.io -->
Tunneling https://dashboard.ap.loclx.io -->

Alternatively you can use minikube cli to proxy dashboard & expose those port.

$minikube dashboard --url=True
🤔  Verifying dashboard health ...
🚀  Launching proxy ...
🤔  Verifying proxy health ...

Browse, https://<your_domain>/api/v1/namespaces/kubernetes-dashboard/services/http:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/#/overview

From here you can manage your Kubernetes Cluster.

If you want to use your custom domain or SSL certificate check (creating custom domain name) & (using custom SSL certificate).

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